Improved Mood And Feelings Of Happiness
Exercise has been found to improve general mood and feelings of happiness while reducing feelings of anxiety, depression and stress.
It creates changes in the parts of the brain that are responsible for regulating mood and can increase brain sensitivity to serotonin and norepinephrine. These two hormones help reduce depression.
In addition, exercise increases endorphin production. Endorphins are responsible for creating feelings of happiness and general wellbeing as well as reducing pain perception. It has been found to decrease stress levels and reduce anxiety symptoms.
An interesting fact is that the intensity of the workout does not seem to affect the benefits of exercise for improving mood. A recent study of 24 medically diagnosed depressed women found that any exercise significantly reduced depression – no matter the level of intensity.
In fact, the effects of exercise on mood have been proven to be so great that even short periods of activity have been found to make a notable difference. A review of 19 studies showed that active individuals who stopped their workouts were more prone to feelings of anxiety and depression after just a few weeks. If you are based in Woking or the surrounding area then see personal trainer Woking.
Studies have found that a lack of exercise plays a major role in weight gain and obesity. To better understand the effect of exercise on weight, the relationship between exercise and energy expenditure must be explained.
The body uses energy in 3 different ways:
- Maintaining regular bodily functions such as breathing, heart rate, etc.
Dieting reduces calorie intake which in turn decreases your metabolic rate which can result in weight gain. On the other hand, exercise increases your metabolic rate by burning more calories resulting in greater weight loss.
Studies have also found that a combination of aerobic exercise and resistance training further increases fat loss while increasing muscle mass which is crucial to maintaining weight loss.
Muscle And Bone Health
Exercise is important for the development and maintenance of strong, healthy bones and muscles. When combined with sufficient protein intake, activities like weightlifting encourage the body to build muscle. This is as a result of hormones that are released during exercise which promote the absorption of amino acids to reduce muscle breakdown while stimulating muscle growth.
As we age, our bodies lose muscle mass as well as functionality which leads to the increased risk of minor to serious injury. Exercising regularly is critical to maintaining muscle mass and strength as we age.
Exercising at an early age improves bone density later in life to prevent diseases such as osteoporosis. Some research has found that high impact exercises like gymnastics or running as well as odd impact sports like soccer and basketball may have a greater positive impact on bone density than non-impact activities like swimming and cycling.
Contrary to popular belief, exercise does not make you tired but can in fact boost energy levels. One study found that just 6 weeks of exercising regularly reduced feelings of fatigue in all 36 participants who previously reported persistent fatigue.
Exercise has also been found to increase energy levels in people with certain medical conditions such as Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) and other illnesses or diseases. Interestingly, exercise was found to be more effective than other types of treatments such as relaxation and stretching for the treatment of CFS. Patients with other serious diseases like cancer have also reported increased energy levels after regular exercise.